Cardiac Disease

Cardiac diseases are also known as heart diseases. Cardiac diseases is a very broad term for a number of conditions that affect the heart and as of 2007, it is the leading cause of death in England, Wales and the United States.

The most leading cause of cardiac disease is a narrowing of the lumen of arteries which supply blood to the heart, commonly called coronary artery disease (CAD).

Types of Cardiac Disease

A number of conditions that affect the heart itself or any of the arteries or veins leading to and from the heart are called cardiovascular diseases. Long studies have suggested that women are more prone to conditions that affect the blood vessels themselves while men are more prone to conditions that affect the heart muscles. Most common conditions that cause cardiovascular diseases are:

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Increased fats (lipids) in blood
  • Hyperhomocysteinemia
Types of Cardiomyopathy

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy: This is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy. Toxins from alcohol directly attack the heart muscle cells. Eventually, the heart is unable to pump properly and there is heart failure.

Hypertensive (high blood pressure) cardiomyopathy: this is the most common cause of death in Western Societies.

  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Valvular cardiomyopathies
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Nutritional deficiencies causing cardiomyopathies.

Inflammatory heart disease

Inflammation of the heart and the tissues surrounding it. Any viral or bacterial infections can set off an inflammatory heart disease in a susceptible person. This inflammation can be either in the inner layer of the heart (the endocardium) or in the muscular part of the walls (myocardium). The conditions are then called endocarditis or myocarditis respectively.

The most leading cause of cardiac disease is a narrowing of the lumen of arteries which supply blood to the heart, commonly called coronary artery disease (CAD).